History of Cars
Although walking is a good form of exercise, most of us can’t survive a long distance walk to report for work. In fact, most people can’t stand walking for a long period of time. So, how would life be if we were to walk everyday to office, school, or to a shopping mall?
History has long associated animals with mankind as one of our mode of transportation. While we can walk the distance, most of us won’t get our job done if we don’t reach our destination on time. As a result, people tend to become less productive. This is why animals such as horses were used in the early centuries. However, animals have the tendency to die or get sick. Eventually, they would die from their disease. Unlike with animals though, automobiles can be restored as long as its parts are still intact.
The earliest discovery of the automobile can be traced back in 1769. Steam-engine propelled automobiles were the first form of transportation outside the use of the animals. The Cugnot Steam Trolley designed by Jonathan Holguinisburg in 1769 was one of the first automobile capable of transporting persons from one place to another.
The 17th century was the time when people began turning their interest towards automobile. The mere fact that people will no longer rely on animals for transportation has caught the interest and attention of the public. Steam wagons were the first cars to run on this planet in the 17th century. It was Ferdinand Verbiest who built one of the first steam-powered vehicles. His invention was later on given to the Chinese Emperor as a gift. It was considered as a toy at that time due to the importance of horses in transportation. In addition, it wasn’t considered as a good vehicle at that time because of its little space for the driver. Little did we know that these steam-powered vehicles were the prototypes of the modern automobiles.
Improvement of Steam-Engine Vehicles
Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot later on improved the steam-engine automobiles which paved the way for the invention of automobiles which allowed passengers and cargo to be transported. Although unable to develop a successful invention, it was instrumental to the shift of the development of our modern cars. Despite his design, it required a more efficient model in order for it to work. Eventually, the innovation of the automobile was shifted to another place.
Steam-engine vehicles were later on developed in various countries. In Great Britain, William Murdoch was a Scottish engineer and inventor who developed the steam engine automobile. He was known as the inventor of the oscillating cylinder steam engine. His excellent work of a model of a steam carriage, or road locomotive in 1784 allowed people to travel from one place to another. Murdoch’s steam carriage became the first machine to run around efficiently under its own power. In short, men don’t have to do anything aside from steering the wheel. Mankind enjoyed the first automobile design that is efficient and effective in transporting cargo and humans. Murdoch continued his experiment and innovation with other designs.
Invention of Internal Combustion Engine
It wasn’t until 1807 when Francois Isaac de Rivaz designed the first automobile mechanized by an internal combustion engine. It was the first car to run on fuel gas.
In 1873, the first “real” automobile was designed and made by French inventor Amedee Bollee who specialized in steam cars. Bollee build self-propelled steam road vehicles to carry and transport groups of people to different destinations.
The 18th century have seen the biggest inventions of automobiles from the invention of the internal combustion engine to the creation of the real car. It was also by this time the four-stroke petrol (gasoline) internal combustion engine was invented by Nikolaus Otto. Its counterpart which has the similar four-stroke diesel engine was invented by Rudolf Diesel. The inventions of these engines paved the way for our modern-day cars to materialize. It wasn’t until these inventions that our modern transport has secured a bright spot for our future.
The invention of Francois Isaac de Rivaz wasn’t that successful though. However, it paved the way to the introduction and use of the modern gasoline. In 1885, the petrol-fueled internal combustion engine was developed and used in cars. Since then, man’s perspective to transportation was never the same.
In 1886, the modern automobile was invented. It was the German inventor Karl Benz who later on founded the Mercedez-Benz. He was regarded as the founder or inventor of the petrol-powered automobiles at the end of the 18th century.
The Benz Patent Motorwagen is a three-wheel automobile that is powered by fuel gas. It was the first automobile considered to be functional and successful. Overall, there were 25 Patent Motorwagens built from 1886 to 1893. Owning an automobile back in those days was quite expensive. In fact, only the rich and famous had the liberty of acquiring such luxurious property. These inventions became man’s first car propelled by a motor. In the following years though, many innovations on the automobile where added while some changes were made.
First Electric Cars
The internal combustion engine were popular until the turn of the century. By the 20th century, mankind began introducing another invention pertaining to automobiles. People are now intrigued with car that are powered by electric power. The German Flocken Elektrowagen was invented in the year 1888. It was considered as the first electric car to run the roads of our planet. The inventors emphasized the need for changes as the former engines were causing some problems to our eco system. Electric-powered cars were enjoyed in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. However, their popularity gradually diminished as people began to turn back to the internal combustion engines. Although a lot of people were open to the changes; electric powered vehicles never made it on top. In fact, they quietly disappeared from use all over the world. By the turn of the 21st century, they began to emerge again as the green cars. Individuals who are concerned about the environment supported these cars. Unfortunately, they didn’t make a splash again for the second time.
Importance of Cars
Today, we enjoy travelling to various places thanks to our automobiles. Cars are built for comfort, safety and luxury, especially when traveling to long distant places. If not for the discovery of the automobiles, we would still be spending most of our time walking down the road towards our destination. Aside from the exhausting journey, imagine how much work a person can accomplish within a limited time. Cars nowadays are a necessity. We don’t usually buy cars for luxury purposes. Instead we purchase one to help us with our business or get us to work early. As a result, we get to our jobs at an earlier time.
Automobiles play a huge role in our transportation nowadays. Without one, it can be quite difficult to do our job. In fact, it’s hard to land a job if you don’t have one. Time is an important factor when it comes to work. So getting early to work is a must for every person. Thanks to automobiles though, we wouldn’t spend most of it on the road. Vehicles provide us with great relief whether you are using a new one or an old automobile.